Terrorist regime Boko Haram has brought various forms of violence particularly in Northern Nigeria.
According to Unicef report Beyond Chibok, 44 children were used in suicide attacks in North East Nigeria and neighbouring countries in the past year alone. Further, 20 000 lives were lost due to the terrorist attacks in Nigeria since 2010.
Apart from military coordination to protect civillians, the United Nations World Food Porgramme (WFP) under the leadership of the Nigerian Government will be assisting 430 000 people in the region. Assisted victims particularly with food stuff, governor of Borno State, Kashim Shettima noted that the diminished harvests caused by effects of drought, food supply has been low. “We face various constraints as we make provision for our dwindling food reserves,” he added.
Cash based assistance and food will be given to 431 000 people, including food to 64 000 children in the states worst affected by violence; Borno and Yobe. “We are now working at full capacity to address the immensity of needs and hope our collaborations with WFP and other partners will ensure an end to the severe food insecurity at hand. In addition to the mobilization of consolidated financial support to address current requirements, there is also a dire need for sustained development strategies in order to adequately end needs,” Shettima said.
Intervention on food security is based on limited markets on trade based on conflict in the region. The spring of terrorist attacks became a birth of political instability, the perfect equation for food insecurity to exist. Currently, there are cut off areas in the region based on Boko Haram’s strong hold in certain areas. However, WFP and the government is countering this is various means.
“With the Government and other partners, WFP is doing all it can to gather data so there is a better understanding of needs. We are expanding coverage of mobile-phone based surveys to 6,000 households, and are analyzing satellite imagery so we can understand better how families are coping and can prioritize areas to receive assistance without delay,” Cousin said.
In an effort to strengthen local economies where markets are still functioning, WFP will be providing cash-based assistance to 267 000 people for 6 months to purchase food. They have already assisted 20 000 people in Borno and Yobe so far, and have registered 17 600 people. This is a fairly short term approach but may hamper the local economy in the long run if they work in silos – meaning that the government must strengthen their security intervention, militaria and create an economic empowerment strategy, at the end of the 6 months of WFP aid.