As the world continues to modernize ICT along with Science, these sectors spearhead and continue to change the dynamics of the business arena and the African economy. Africa has taken on a new journey of growth and development. Knowledge based economies are soon to be revolutionary. Africa has in this time of change proven to be diverse and accustomed to change. Mainstream of ICT primarily in the field of production has really not become a choice but a matter of survival.
Countries such as Rwanda, rated number one in East Africa have fortunately made peace with the reality of limited natural resources within their territory. Unlike most African countries she is very limited to natural resources. Finding rays of sunshine in the darkness this has created a platform of development in ICT and related fields. In the couple of years the government has dedicated its time and limited resources to investing in infrastructure, skills and education to meet their 2020 target aimed at among other things transformation of Rwanda into a middle-income country and transitioning its agrarian economy into a fully information rich, knowledge based one. Following suit is Mauritius, though it has relied mostly on plantation and industries such as tourism the instability of African economies has prompted its diversity and expansion into the field of ICT.
Africa is becoming acclimatized to the status quo. Resources are depleting calling for new ways to diversify the economy and fit into the global village. However it is of course not all of Africa that is speeding towards this form of development in search of being at par with the global village. Southern Africa still continues to almost depend on non renewable resources that will soon replenish. There are certain challenges that might be attributed to the slow development of ICT in Southern Africa. Internet use though is a pivotal tool in ICT and science it continues to be a mystery to many Africans and a tool abundantly availed to people in developed countries. Also the transformation is one that is finance consuming and probing to be quite pricey for most developing African countries. Furthermore infrastructures connected with the smooth facilitation of ICT are either non-existent or much undeveloped in most African countries. Lastly microscopically looking at Botswana and South Africa the reason the development is delayed could also be associated with national infrastructural current problems such as supply of electricity.
The key to developing this sector further is to find lucrative means of attracting foreign investors of the ICT and science field while our individual countries continue to learn and share skills on the matter. As it is become clear that the biggest commodity today continues to be knowledge countries must invest more on international education as means of preparing for the future. The more people sent out in these respective fields the better when our internal universities partake further in globalizing and connecting with the technological world. Strategic investments from countries such as China are the lead way to diversifying into a more knowledge based economy. In conclusion as our government time the last of our natural resources they need to pass on to younger generations’ opportunities that prepare them for internationally competing in various fields.